The Impact of Glassblowing on the Early
79). Doctoral thesis, Durham University.
PDF Accepted Version
323KbAbstractIn the late 19th and early 20th centuries, ancient glass was frequently treated as though it was a prestigious product, owned only by the elites of society. Research was primarily art historical, and focused on select museum pieces. onward, and in many different social contexts, contradicting the idea that only the rich could afford them. It seeks to understand the social and economic status of blown glass and cast glass: why did cast glass persist after the invention of cheaper blown glass? Was cast and blown glass equally accessible to different levels of society? And to what extent can the invention of glassblowing bear responsibility for the rise in glass vessel use in the Roman world? By drawing comparisons between vessels from different production methods, and from different social and geographical contexts, this thesis begins to identify emerging patterns in glass cheap jerseys use across Roman society and finds that both cast and http://www.cheapjerseys11.com/ blown vessels were used across all levels of society and that there was no strict divide between the use of casting for luxury wares and glassblowing for cheap utilitarian wares.
The Immune System
Somerset If you raise livestock, you have hopefully, at some point, vaccinated them. But do you know the reason why veterinarians recommend that certain vaccines be given at certain times? Here is some insight into how the immune system works and the reasoning behind some of our recommendations.
Passive immunity. This refers to the initial immunity the calf receives from the cow’s colostrum. Passive immunity can be both a help and a hindrance when http://www.cheapjerseys11.com/ it comes to vaccinating a calf. It is a hindrance since the antibodies that the calf gets from the colostrum may bind to the vaccine and inactivate it.
This is the reason that we used to recommend that calves not be vaccinated until they are 4 months old. By 4 months old, most if not all of the passive immunity has likely waned. Vaccination didn’t hurt the calf, but it was thought that it provided no benefit.
In fact, passive immunity may even help the calf process a vaccine. In addition to the all important antibodies, the calf will also acquire living white blood cells from its mother if it ingests fresh colostrum. These living white blood cells, mainly lymphocytes, confer “memory” to the calf’s immune system. These memory cells may allow the calf to have a booster type response to a vaccine even at a very young age.
Freezing colostrum will kill these cells, thereby eliminating their effect. Dried colostrum replacers obviously have no live cells in them either.
Booster shots. Most good vaccination programs are centered around the booster shot. The booster shot would usually be the second dose of vaccine given in a series. It “boosts” the immunity acquired with the first shot.
It actually does more than give it a boost. In reality, the booster is responsible for nearly all of the actual immunity. Booster shots are given at least two weeks following the initial dose of vaccine but no more than three months later. After three months, the booster effect decreases and it acts more like the first shot.
Here’s how I usually explain the importance of the booster shot. If the first shot gives an immunity factor of 10, the second shot won’t give an immunity factor of 20, but of 100. The first dose of most vaccines won’t give much immunity at all. That is solely the job of the booster.
Local versus systemic. Local vaccines have been around for a long time, but they continue to improve. Local refers to the site of administration, such as intranasal or oral. Systemic vaccines are injected into the animal. Intranasal vaccines are used strategically by a lot of veterinarians because of their safety and effectiveness. They can be difficult to administer sometimes, especially intranasal doses in mature cows.
Locally administered vaccines may actually be boosted with injectable vaccines if the antigens used are similar enough. This is quite convenient because local immunity is, in many cases, superior to systemic immunity, but systemic vaccines are easier to administer.
Modified Live (MLV) versus Killed. If you ever want to see an argument among bovine veterinarians reminiscent of the old “Tastes Great, Less Filling!” commercials, watch a discussion about MLV versus killed vaccines. They are always lively discussions.
MLV vaccines consist of live virus or bacteria which have been altered to not cause disease and generally impart stronger immunity. Protective immunity may be possible often with only one dose, however there can be complications. If some MLV vaccines are given to pregnant cows, the result could be an aborted pregnancy.
There are also concerns about live viruses reverting back to a strain that could make the animal sick, but this is exceedingly rare.
Killed vaccines, on the other hand, have no chance of mutating, because they have been killed. Their immune stimulating potential is generally believed to be inferior to their MLV counterparts and a booster dose is, with very few exceptions, always necessary for protective immunity.
Generating vaccination programs for farms cheap jerseys is not an easy task and should be done in careful consultation with your herd’s veterinarian who is uniquely aware of the specific challenges on your operation. Properly formulated, a sound vaccination program will provide cheap insurance against a devastating infectious disease outbreak.
the hotels and what to do while you are there
Get daily updates directly to your inbox+ SubscribeThank you for subscribing!FOR centuries, the magic of Paris has charmed couples, inspired poets and painters and enticed sightseers from across the seas. Crowned as one of the most romantic destinations in the world, the City of Lights spoils visitors with world class architecture, exceptional eateries and spectacular views the perfect backdrop for a weekend rendezvous for two.Top sees for a fee: Experience Paris from the http://www.cheapjerseys11.com/ top of The Eiffel Tower. The tower features souvenir shops, restaurants, a transparent floor, an immersion show, champagne bar and more. Prices: Lift entrance (valid to the second floor) adult 11, child from 4. Lift entrance and ticket to top adult 17, child from 8. Stairs entrance ticket (valid to second floor) adult 7, child from 3.Go on a visitor trail at Musee de Louvre. Visitor trails lead guests around the grounds passing by collections of a certain theme, artistic movement or period. Trails include Mighty Aphrodite Mythical Love Stories, Eug Delacroix Passion and Inspiration, and more. Admission 15. Stop by 30 of the city’s most iconic monuments including The Arc de Triomphe and The Mus d’Orsay (140).Must sees for Free: The Gothic cathedral Notre Dame de Paris attracts 13 million visitors each year. Marvel at its stained glass windows, stone gargoyles and The ‘Mays’ Notre Dame de Paris paintings.Take a romantic stroll on the tree lined banks by the Seine. Meet the locals and have a browse through the many street stalls and attractions along the way.Attend a fashion show at Galeries Lafayette, 6 rue Porte de Tourny. Shows are free to attend every Friday on the fourth floor of Lafayette Coupole at 3pm. (Reservations only).Getting around: Travel by Metro. The Metro system is cheap and easy to use. The system offers 16 lines which cover 300 stations with trains that run frequently. Single tickets are priced from 1.90.New York: The flights, the hotels, and what to do while you’re thereGoing out: Drink wine at Chateau, 68 Rue Jean Jacques Rousseau. During the Tour de France of Wine programme, visitors will try one Champagne, five wines, and learn about the process of Champagne making. From 5pm to 7pm. Price 55.Catch a show at the Moulin Rouge, 82 Boulevard de Clichy. The current production is F a production of 60 Doriss Girls, 1000 sparkling feathered costumes and more. Dinner show options available. Tickets from 77.Hiding at the top of Mus National d’Art Moderne (Centre Georges Pompidou) is Georges a French fusion restaurant with a terrace overlooking the city. Head to this trendy spot to watch the sunset drink in hand.Eating out: Dine in the heart of the Eiffel Tower at the 58 Tour Eiffel Restaurant. Sample the Tentation package which includes a glass of Champagne, starter, main and dessert. (From 85). Upgrade your package for a guaranteed window seat.Fine dining restaurant L’Orangerie at Four Seasons Hotel George V serves French classics with a contemporary twist. Its menu, much like the city itself, boasts elegance, refinement and femininity. For dessert, try the Chocolate Leaves and Souffl (22).Paris’ cafe culture forms the cornerstone of social and culinary life with the Parisian cafe in particular a charming setting often handpicked by key figures of the arts world. Enjoy a coffee date at Les Deux Magots, 6 Place Saint Germain des Pr (previous guests: Hemingway and Picasso), Caf de Flore, 172 Boulevard Saint Germain (previous guests: Yves Saint Laurent and Brigitte Bardot), Restaurant Polidor, 41 Rue Monsieur le Prince (previous guests: Victor Hugo, Hemingway and Paul Verlaine and it also featured in Woody Allen’s Midnight in Paris).For salted caramel macarons, chocolate marshmallows and the baba au rhum pop into Pain de Sucre, 14 Rue Rambuteau.Zadar: The flights, the hotels, and what to do while you’re thereThe Notre Dame cathedral, ParisHotels Luxury: Le Cinq Codet, 5 Rue Louis Codet, offers stunning five star accommodation created by designer Jean Philippe Nuel. The hotel holds 67 bedrooms, a contemporary restaurant, a spa and more. From Upgrade to the Romantic Getaway package for special in room amenities, Champagne, rose petals and breakfast from Mid range: Romance is at cheap jerseys the heart of concept boutique hotel, H Montmartre mon Amour, 7 Rue Paul Albert. The property holds love themed rooms displaying statement murals with the deluxe rooms offering decor dedicated to mythical French lovers. The hotel boasts a massage service, an in room breakfast service offering heart shaped waffles and more. From Budget: The Five Hotel, 3 Rue Flatters, offers a cosy selection of cocoon rooms, a suite with an outdoor jacuzzi and room One by Five which features a ‘floating’ bed. From have the option to add gifts to their rooms (Champagne, a bouquet of roses and more).Fact file Currency: Euros. = 1.17.The flight: Fly direct from Manchester to Paris with Easyjet (flight duration: 1 hour 15 minutes). Returns from Time zone: Central European Time Zone UTC+01:00.
The hostel in Berlin that’s a cash cow for North Korea
Berlin’s City Hostel appears at first glance to be a simple, cheap option for staying in the German capital. It’s not far from iconic landmarks such as the Brandenburg Gate, and while online reviews complain of dodgy WiFi and broken windows, the hostel offers “good value for your money,” as one traveler recently remarked. A bed in a mixed six person dorm costs only about $20.Visitors may have wondered about the high fence outside of their accommodations or the gigantic North Korean flag http://www.cheapjerseys11.com/ next to the building but probably didn’t worry too much about it.But what they almost certainly didn’t know is that their stay at City Hostel indirectly benefited the regime of Kim Jong Un, making unsuspecting tourists into involuntary financiers of a notorious totalitarian state. The property is owned by the Kim regime, which received it as a gift from the communist government of the former East Germany. North Korea does not operate the business itself, but it receives tens of thousands of dollars every year in rent from both the hostel and a conference center there.That may soon change. The current German government is not amused by the lucrative North Korean real estate business. On Wednesday, it announced plans to shut down the hostel and the conference center. and North Korea.”The constant threatening gestures by the North Korean government are worrying cheap jerseys us. We will increase the pressure to bring North Korea back to the negotiating table,” said Markus Ederer, the state secretary of Germany’s Federal Foreign Office.”It is particularly important that we dry out the sources of funding for the nuclear weapons program,” said Ederer, drawing a direct connection between revenue from the Berlin youth hostel and North Korea’s efforts to advance its nuclear weapons capabilities.The German government’s decision was first reported by Munich’s Sddeutsche Zeitung newspaper on Wednesday. resolution passed last November and ratified by the EU earlier this year, which states that members should ban North Korea from using diplomatic real estate as a revenue source.The North Korean embassy, which is located in the former diplomatic district of East Berlin, was mostly built in the early 1970s. Parts of the embassy were vacated as relations between Germany and North Korea soured following Germany’s reunification in 1990. Years later, in the early 2000s, a low budget hostel and a conference center were opened in what used to be the embassy’s main building, turning the property into a revenue source for the regime in Pyongyang.In 2014, a journalist from German newspaper Die Welt attempted to verify rumors that the hostel was still connected through a tunnel to the fenced off embassy compound, but found no evidence. Despite the media coverage at the time, the hostel’s rental agreement sparked little outrage, even as other North Korean business practices in Europe came under growing scrutiny.Our Features Top StoriesDrivenWhat’s it like driving James Bond’s Lotus Espirit? Never meet your heroes? Well, it’s not always the case.
The hope for horror films
Hollywood’s new “it” girl is a creepy vintage doll cheap jerseys named Annabelle whose eyes drip with the blood of her victims and she’s bringing hope for the revival of horror films.
“Annabelle” blew up box office expectations with $37 million in its debut last weekend, rivaling the opening of “Gone Girl” starring Ben Affleck. It’s one of the biggest openings of a horror film ever and the first of that category to draw such a crowd in years.
But what gets Hollywood most excited about its early success is the money that can be made off “Annabelle” and its copycats, which are cheap to produce and have huge profit margins compared with more costly action, comedy or drama hits.
“Annabelle” cost less than $7 million to make, compared with the $60 million spent on “Gone Girl.” That means the opening three days of “Annabelle” generated a 400 percent profit margin, while “Gone Girl” was still in the red. The most profitable film in history is the 2009 horror movie “Paranormal Activity,” which was made on a budget of $15,000 and reaped $193 million in global ticket sales.
The past few years have been tough for the horror genre, as studios have struggled to find another breakout hit that can generate lucrative sequels (“Paranormal” had four). No horror film out this year made more than $20 million in its opening weekend. ticket sales were only $20 million.
But like any good zombie, horror keeps coming back. “But it takes one movie that hits the right way, and where grosses are high, to get everyone in the movie business feeling good about the genre again.”
“Annabelle,” a New Line Cinema prequel to the 2013 movie “The Conjuring,” may have hit that chord with its return to traditional spook and gore. It received lackluster reviews from critics, doesn’t boast A list stars and will probably be overlooked by awards panels.
But Warner Bros. is already planning a sequel to “Annabelle” along with a sequel to “The Conjuring.”
“It’s not a franchise yet; we’ve only made one ‘Annabelle,’ but based on its response we are looking toward making another,” Dan Fellman, Warner Bros. president of theatrical distribution, said in an interview.
He said the movie http://www.cheapjerseys11.com/ did particularly well with Hispanics, who the studio targeted heavily with radio promotions and bottles of “Annabelle” branded holy water. The demographic tends to respond to horror’s religious references, including exorcisms, Fellman said. border town theaters showed the biggest ticket sales.
Cheap but lucrative offerings like “Annabelle” can help the studios fund more expensive, award winning productions. That’s important in an increasingly risk averse industry that likes to bet on huge franchises like Disney’s “Frozen” and 20th Century Fox’s “X Men” series. To ensure a movie will do well in global ticket sales, produce sequels and sell t shirts and theme park rides, studios are focused on what they call “tent poles” that can support a whole mini economy.
“All ego goes out the door when you greenlight a movie like ‘Annabelle,’ ‘ said Jeff Bock, a senior box office analyst at research firm Exhibitor Relations. “Even if it failed at the box office, it would probably still make a little money. Sure it’s not a film from director Steven Spielberg, but that would cost at least $60 million to make. So that’s the balance that every studio has to watch.”
To understand the huge margins, look no further than the work of film producer Jason Blum, whose films include “Paranormal Activity,” “The Purge,” “Insidious” and “Sinister.” In total, his films cost $40 million to make and have reaped $1.2 billion in ticket sales.
“Annabelle” is a low budget throwback in more ways than one, relying on decidedly old school techniques to frighten moviegoers into buying tickets.
Produced by the prolific horror director James Wan and directed by John Leonetti, the prequel is set in the late 1960s and tells the story of the doll Annabelle that is referenced in “The Conjuring.” The movies are both based on the story of real life paranormal investigators Ed and Lorraine Warren.
“Annabelle” begins with John Form giving his wife Mia the gift of a rare, vintage doll. The wholesole blonde Mia is charmed by its pigtails and satin white dress, and puts it in the couple’s baby nursery. Annabelle, of course, unleashes unexplained terror and murder, tormenting the couple and everyone around them.
The movie relies on traditional devices to spook audiences the creaking door, suspenseful music, demonic possession. And maybe none of it is more time tested than the murderous doll itself, which was milked extensively by the knife wielding Chucky in the 1990s “Child’s Play” movies.
In that sense, “Annabelle” is similar to other releases coming this Halloween that revive old story lines and familiar monsters. Universal’s “Dracula Untold” will be released this weekend. “Ouija,” based on the haunted board game, is scheduled for Oct. 24 along with Lionsgate’s “Exists,” a horror based on the legend of Bigfoot.
Such movies are a break from recent trends. Extreme gore dominated in the mid to late 2000s with hits such as the “Saw” series. More recently, hits such as “Paranormal Activity” revived the shaky “found footage” style pioneered by “The Blair Witch Project” in 1999.
“People are getting back to more traditional horror with the creepy house with creaking floorboards,” Contrino said. “And people more moving away from the modern take on horror where people are working with cameras and phones as the focus.”
And they are bringing in important audiences particularly women, Hispanics and Millennials who have otherwise turned more to online entertainment. Horror also does well overseas, where studios make the majority of their revenues. Bloody slashings and haunted houses spook a moviegoer equally in Buenos Aires as in Beijing.
New Line Cinema’s success with “Annabelle” comes to the rescue as parent firm Warner Bros. has so far struggled, ranking third for box office revenue so far this year even though it put out more films than its top two competitors, 20th Century Fox and Disney.
“Annabelle” was made cheaply because it doesn’t rely on expensive computerized special effects or highly paid actors, and the studio isn’t pouring money into marketing the film the way it does blockbusters such as “The Lego Movie.”
Still, it’s hard to predict what horror audiences want. They quickly grow tired of certain styles just as Hollywood begins a cycle of copycatting.
The Homestead senior living center opens last expansion
ROCHESTER, Minn. (KTTC) “So I’m sure there’s a lot of emotion that goes in to moving, I’m starting to sort of think about that myself,” Mayor Brede said. “When you got a place that’s as glorious as this, you gotta feel pretty comfortable in a pretty short amount of time.”As of the latest census, more than 18 thousand people over the age of 65 live in Olmsted County.Many of them call senior living centers, like the Homestead, home.Currently there are around 20 centers cheap jerseys in Rochester with about a 90 percent occupancy rate.And in most cases, rent isn’t cheap, averaging about 36 hundred a month. That does not include nursing and other fees that can often double the cost.According to County Planning Department census data, there are 18,000 people over age 65 in Olmsted county now, but that’s projected to jump to 52,000 by 2040.Mayor Brede says the reason is obvious.”You know all of the services available in the city, certainly the healthcare is the best in the world so a lot of people want to stay here or move here.”radar alertTRACKING: Isolated showers through Wednesday morningTRACKING: Isolated showers through Wednesday morningUpdated: Wednesday, May 24 2017 7:01 AM EDT2017 05 24 11:01:44 GMTCool, few showers today but some sun, dry weather ThursdayCool, few showers today but some sun, dry weather ThursdayUPDATE: Student ejected in Grant County, WI school bus crashUPDATE: Student ejected in Grant County, WI school bus crashUpdated: Tuesday, May 23 2017 10:32 PM EDT2017 05 24 02:32:20 GMTDeputies are investigating a crash involving a school bus and dump truck.Deputies are investigating a crash involving a school bus and dump truck.Iowa schools to stop using $14M testing software after auditIowa schools to stop using $14M testing software after auditUpdated: Tuesday, May 23 2017 12:52 PM EDT2017 05 23 16:52:24 GMTThe Iowa Department of Education plans to end its contract with a testing software vendor after a technical audit found the $14 million system was “unfit.”The Iowa Department of Education plans to end its contract with a testing software vendor after a technical audit found the http://www.cheapjerseys11.com/ $14 million system was “unfit.”.